Landscape Architect



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Practical or MechanicalNature or RecreationArtistic or CreativeAnalytic or ScientificSkill Level 5

Landscape architects plan and design land areas for projects such as parks, schools, hospitals, roads, malls, plazas, sports complexes, holiday resorts, hotel complexes, shopping centres, airports, housing subdivisions, national parks, playgrounds and commercial, industrial and residential sites. FutureGrowthModerate

Landscape architects plan and design landscape areas for a host of projects. They combine design skills with an understanding of science to create functional, sustainable and manageable landscapes and other outdoor spaces that reflect the requirements of their clients.

ANZSCO description: ID: 232112: Plans and designs land areas for projects such as open space networks, parks, schools, institutions, roads, external areas for all building types, land subdivisions, and commercial, industrial and residential sites.

Specialisations: Landscape architects may specialise in projects such as parks, playgrounds, roads or public housing. They may also specialise in types of services such as regional planning and resource management, site selection, cost studies or site construction.

Landscape architects may work independently or with other professionals such as architects, engineers and town planners.

Knowledge, skills and attributes

A landscape architect needs:

  • a high level of creativity
  • developed design skills
  • good communication skills
  • to enjoy the natural environment
  • to be able to work both individually and as part of a team.

Duties and Tasks

Landscape architects may perform the following tasks: Landscape Architect

  • study and discuss designs, costs and construction of projects with clients
  • talk to architects, engineers and other professionals, and gather information on factors such as historical and natural conservation requirements, soil structure, drainage, rock features, existing and proposed buildings, and sun and shade movements
  • draw up site plans outlining the development of the site, discuss with clients and seek approval
  • prepare specifications, arrange cost estimates, list building materials required and detail working drawings of the site, showing features such as location of buildings, roads and walkways; land contours and drainage systems; soil conservation measures; and the vegetation to be planted, retained or removed
  • undertake heritage studies and plans of management for open space areas
  • use computer and video-simulation packages to develop broadscale landscape plans
  • supervise site work
  • advise on landscape problems concerned with environmental planning.

Working conditions Landscape Architect

Landscape architects work in both offices or studios, as well as outdoors. While most of the actual drawing of designs takes place in an office environment, landscape architects must also visit clients to assess sites - and gather information on soil type, pre-existing vegetation and the shape of the land. Landscape architects generally work standard office hours, however when working to deadlines they may also have to work weekends and evenings. Landscape architects often work as part of a team and also have to interact with clients, other architects, engineers, community members, contractors and anyone else involved with a particular project.

Tools and technologies

Landscape architects use a range of drawing and measuring equipment. They may work with both manual equipment, such as pencils, rulers and drawing boards, and electronic equipment, such as Computer-Aided Design (CAD) software and other specialised design programs. When conducting site visits, landscape architects may also use cameras and surveying equipment, including Global Positioning Systems (GPS), Geographic Information Systems (GIS), theodolites (for measuring horizontal and vertical angles) and land levels.

Education and training/entrance requirements

To become a landscape architect you usually need to study a degree with a major in landscape architecture.


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