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Practical or MechanicalNature or RecreationSkill Level 2

A greenkeeper prepares, establishes and manages fine turf, grassed areas and synthetic surfaces used for sport. They may also do domestic and commercial mowing and lawn maintenance operations or work on commercial turf farms.

Greenkeepers plant and maintain the grass and turf used for parks, gardens and sporting fields. Future Growth Strong

They sow grass seeds and lay turf, mow and trim the grass and prune other plants, water and roll turfed areas and fertilise soil and plants.

They may also undertake maintenance on various structures including fences and paths, trim hedges and keep grounds tidy and free from leaves and weeds.

Greenkeepers work with real grass, artificial turf, and other synthetic substances. They usually work in sporting facilities and arenas.

They mark out and prepare sporting areas such as tracks, pitches, greens, courses and fields. Greenkeepers may also undertake some administrative tasks.





Alternative names:  Groundsperson, Turf Keeper

Knowledge, skills and attributes

  • a love of the outdoors
  • knowledge and understanding of soil and plant biology
  • practical skills and logic
  • to take pride in their work
  • problem-solving skills
  • organisational skills.
  • Ability to measure and cut necessary dimensions
  • Fit and strong
  • Planning and organisation
  • Teamwork and interpersonal skills
  • Time management and organisation



Duties and tasks

  • preparing seedbeds for new turf
  • establishing and maintaining turf by watering, over sowing or over seeding, and repairing green damage
  • mowing, rolling and levelling turf
  • pegging and marking out lines and logos, installing nets, posts and stumps, and placing other sports equipment on playing areas
  • operating and maintaining hand and power driven equipment such as mowers, aerators, cultivators, corers and line marking equipment
  • constructing cricket wickets, tennis courts, and bowling, croquet and golf greens
  • replanting, repairing, aerating, fertilising and top dressing lawns
  • installing and maintaining synthetic surfaces
  • may maintain buildings, fences and surrounding gardens
  • planting seeds for grass
  • preparing sites for the implementation of turf
  • repairing damage to turf, grass, and other surfaces

Working conditions 

Greenkeepers work mostly outdoors in all weather conditions and climates. The machinery that they use may be noisy. They may also undertake some administrative or office-based work.

Tools and Technologies

Greenkeepers use lawn-mowers and other grass-cutting and grooming machinery, such as whipper-snippers and leaf-blowers.

They occasionally also use mini tractors. They use pre-grown turf, as well as turfing, seeding, fertiliser and soil spreaders, and rolling and soil aeration equipment.

They operate and maintain irrigation systems, and other machinery such as mowers.

Greenkeeper on mower


Education and training/entrance requirements

To become a greenkeeper you usually need to complete a traineeship. The horticulture (turf) traineeship usually takes 12 months to complete and is available as a school-based traineeship.

You can also improve your employment prospects if you complete a Certificate III in Horticulture, offered at TAFE Colleges and other registered training organisations throughout Australia.

Where greenkeepers are employed

Greenkeepers usually work in a wide range of settings including public and private institutions. This includes parks and recreational services, city councils, nurseries and construction industries.



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