Forester

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Forest Manager
Forest Nursery Technician

Forest Technical Officer
Forest Worker



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Nature or RecreationAnalytic or ScientificSkill Level 5



Foresters study, establish, manage and harvest forests to make sure there is a continuing supply of timber and associated forest products. They also maintain forests to meet community recreational Future Growth Strong needs.

Foresters are responsible for managing the use of forests, ensuring there is a balance between conservation, recreational and commercial uses. They work in both natural forests and timber plantations,  planning where and when to plant and harvest trees.

As trees grow, foresters monitor their development, marking specific trees for harvesting to avoid overcrowding, and checking for signs of disease. An important part of a forester's work is managing the risk of bushfire, which in Australia may include arranging for periodic back burning to reduce the amount of flammable material on the forest floor.

Foresters are also increasingly working with farmers to address issues of land degradation and salinity.

ANZSCO ID: 234113

Specialisations: Forestry Adviser, Forestry Consultant

They may be involved with forest ecology, hydrology (water), entomology (insects), pathology (diseases) or geographic information systems. Other areas of specialisation include various commercial forestry aspects and forestry extension and consultation services.

Knowledge, skills and attributesStand of Eucalyptus

  • aptitude for science
  • initiative
  • interested in environmental issues
  • good communication skills
  • enjoy outdoor activities.



Duties and Tasks

Foresters may perform the following tasks:

  • manage forest resources by protecting and regenerating forests and promoting effective growth
  • establish plantations of native and introduced timber species
  • plan and implement a system of fire prevention, detection and suppression
  • observe the effects of environmental factors on the growth and health of plants
  • measure and record tree volume and growth, as well as changes in the forest's timber and other resources
  • estimate the sustainable supply of timber and associated forest products
  • plan and implement the growing and harvesting of native and plantation forests
  • protect wildlife habitats and forest streams
  • develop and control the use of recreational facilities
  • undertake landscape management, which may involve manual and satellite mapping, aerial photo interpretation and field measurements
  • advise governments, industry and landholders on forestry, and plan and conduct educational programs on the care and value of trees and forests
  • conduct research on various aspects of forestry
  • supervise and train technical, clerical and field staff and coordinate their work.


Working conditions

Foresters spend a lot of time working outdoors, in most weather conditions, though they occasionally work in offices. Foresters work both indoors and outdoors, often in isolated bush areas. They will generally be required to drive through forests, over uneven terrain and unsealed roads, often in 4 wheel-drive vehicles. Most foresters start work early in the morning, usually working a standard 40-hour week, although weekend work may occasionally be required.

Tools and technologies

Foresters use a number of specialised tools when surveying trees, including angle gauges (to measure tree density in an area), clinometers (to measure a tree's height) and increment borers (to extract core sample from the trunk to calculate age). They also use infrared, satellite and aerial photography to measure and map the growth of a forest or plantation. Paint guns are used to mark trees for harvesting, property boundaries and the location of underground cables and pipes in preparation for harvesting operations. In some instances, particularly when harvesting is taking place, foresters may be required to wear hard hats, high-visibility clothing and safety boots.

Education and training/entrance requirements

To become a forester you usually need to complete a degree in forest science and management, or a science degree with a major in forestry.

Forest Manager
Environments

Practical or MechanicalNature or RecreationSkill Level 4Skill Level 5

Forest Managers manage the production activities of forestry operations. Future Growth Strong

ANZSCO ID: 133511

Specialisations: Harvest Manager (Forestry), Operations Manager (Forestry),

Knowledge, skills and attributes  

  • Able to clearly define role expectations, monitor performance, provide timely and constructive feedback and facilitate employee development Forester with clinometer
  • Able to analyse issues related to resource availability and develop organisational response.
  • Able to prepare detailed reports, strategies and business cases
  • Able to develop long-term plan across a range of business areas
  • Able understand a broad range of business needs and risks
  • Able to liaise with high level government and other stakeholders regarding complex issue
  • An appropriate degree in Forest Science or equivalent
  • Current drivers licence

Duties and Tasks

  • Determines, implements and monitors production strategies, policies and plans.
  • Plans details of production activities in terms of output, quality, quantity, cost, time available and labour requirements.
  • Controls the operation of production plant and quality procedures through the planning of maintenance, designation of operating hours, and supply of parts and tools.
  • Monitors production output and costs, adjusting the processes and resources to minimise costs.
  • Informs other managers about production matters.
  • Oversees acquisition and installation of new plant and equipment.
  • Directs research into production methods, recommending and implementing appropriate initiatives.
  • Controls preparation of production records and reports.
  • Co-ordinates the implementation of occupational health and safety requirements.
  • Directs staff activities and monitors their performance.

Education and training/entrance requirements

You can work as a Forest Manager with a degree in Forest Science or equivalent. VET (Vocational Education and Training) and university are both common study pathways for Forest Managers.

 

Forest Technical Officer
Environments

Practical or MechanicalNature or RecreationAnalytic or Scientific

Skill Level 1Skill Level 2Skill Level 3Skill Level 4Skill Level 5

Forest technical officers are responsible for many of the forestry operations involved in the planting, management and harvesting of trees.
Forest technical officers may be involved in forest operations, forest assessment and planning, or forest research. Those working in private industry may supervise logging activities. Decline

ANZSCO ID: 8413

Alternative names: Forest Technician

Specialisations: Forest technical officers may be involved in forest operations, forest assessment and planning, or forest research. Those working in private industry may supervise logging activities.

Knowledge, skills and attributesForester protecting trees

  • enjoy outdoor work
  • interested in forest and environmental management
  • practical
  • physically fit
  • good communication skills
  • leadership potential and ability to supervise others
  • able to work as part of a small team
  • drivers licence.

Duties and Tasks

Forest technical officers may perform the following tasks:

  • supervise forest establishment and maintenance work such as fencing, planting, nursery work, weed control and pruning; and protection work involving controlled burning, fire spotting and firefighting
  • carry out or supervise seed harvesting, propagation or cultivation of young trees
  • select trees for felling and supervise logging operations to ensure compliance with forest policies and programs
  • supervise the use of herbicides and insecticides to implement pest, weed and disease control
  • set up or assist with field trials associated with research projects and forest growth studies
  • enforce fire prevention regulations
  • supervise the construction and maintenance of forest access roads
  • issue licences and permits for recreation and for the collection of some forest products
  • carry out investigations and aid in the prosecution of offenders
  • write reports and undertake other clerical work
  • supervise fieldworkers.

Working conditions

Forest technical officers usually work in country areas, sometimes in isolated bush locations. They work irregular hours during emergencies such as bushfires. Those in administrative or research positions are usually based in larger centres.

Education and training/entrance requirements

You can work as a forest technical officer without formal qualifications. You will probably get some informal training on the job.

Entry to this occupation may be improved if you have qualifications.

You may like to consider a VOC qualification in forest growing and management, environmental monitoring and technology or environmental management. As subjects and prerequisites can vary between institutions, you should contact your chosen institution for further information.
You can also become a forest technical officer through an apprenticeship or traineeship in Forest Growing and Management.

Entry requirements may vary, but employers generally require Year 10.

Alternatively, you can become a forest technical officer by completing a degree in forest sciences or forest science and management at university. You may also consider a degree in a related area, such as biodiversity and conservation, environmental management or environmental science. To get into these courses you usually need to gain your HSC/ACT Year 12. Prerequisite subjects, or assumed knowledge, in one or more of English, mathematics, chemistry, physics and biology are normally required.

Forest Worker
Environments

Practical or MechanicalNature or RecreationSkill Level 1Skill Level 2

Forest workers assist with growing, maintaining and harvesting timber plantations. Forest workers carry out practical tasks in forests and woodlands to help care for and protect the environment. Forest workers plant, prune, and fell trees, and also protect trees from pests and disease. Future Growth Static

 

ANZSCO ID: 8413

Alternative names: Forestry Worker, Logging Worker

Knowledge, skills and attributes

  • enjoy practical and outdoor work
  • alert and safety-conscious
  • able to cope with the physical demands of the job
  • good hand-eye coordination
  • interested in forest protection and regeneration
  • sound literacy and numeracy skills

Forest Worker
(Source: Your Career)

Duties and Tasks

Forest workers may perform the following tasks:

  • prepare sites for tree planting
  • raise and package cuttings and seedlings at a forest nursery
  • undertake planting and other regrowth activities of native or plantation forests
  • control weeds and pests in both new and established forests using fertilisers, insecticides and herbicides
  • prune and thin trees in plantations by hand and using mechanical equipment
  • collect seeds
  • construct and maintain facilities such as access roads, buildings and visitors' amenities
  • prevent and put out fires, including maintenance of fire breaks, fire spotting, controlled burning and fire fighting
  • maintain forestry equipment and vehicles
  • mark trees for harvesting
  • observe correct environmental practices to minimise impact on roads, water courses and wildlife corridors.

Working conditions

Much of the work is outdoors and therefore subject to varying weather conditions. Some aspects of the work can be physically demanding. Forest workers are usually employed in small work teams. They may work in softwood and hardwood plantations and forests, in rural areas or in isolated bush locations.

Forestry work is physically hard and demanding. You would spend most of your time working outdoors in all weather conditions. Some of the work can be dangerous as you would be using power tools and heavy machinery. You may need to wear protective clothing for certain jobs. You may also need to use a safety harness for climbing trees.

Depending on your location, you may need to travel between different sites, so you may need a valid drivers’ licence.


Education and training/entrance requirements

You can work as a forest worker without formal qualifications. You will probably get some informal training on the job. You can also become a forest worker through a traineeship in Forest Growing and Management.
Entry requirements may vary, but employers generally require Year 10.

You can also become a forest worker through a traineeship in Forest Growing and Management. Entry requirements may vary, but employers generally require junior secondary school certificate or equivalent.

Additional Information

Once you are employed, you may be able to develop, and have recognised, additional skills under the Forest and Forest Products Training Package that will expand your career opportunities within this industry.

Employment Opportunities

Forest workers are employed by government departments, forest owners or private contractors who are hired by wood processing firms to carry out logging operations. Work may be on a continuous basis or on short-term contract, or piecework for specific tasks such as tree planting or pruning.

Employment of forest workers is projected to decline slightly. Most employment growth for forest workers is expected to be in state-owned forests. New and improved machinery will mean less workers are required on site.

Forest Nursery Technician
Environments

Practical or MechanicalNature or RecreationSkill Level 1Skill Level 2

A forest nursery technician carries out and manages seed harvesting, propagation or cultivation of young trees at a forest nursery. A forest nursery technician performs a variety of semiskilled technical and manual functions involving seed handling and storage, as well as sowing operations; monitors crop health and collects samples for identification of insect and disease problems; performs nursery study projects and collects data on studies.

ANZSCO ID: 841999

Knowledge, skills and attributes

  • enjoy practical and outdoor work
  • alert and safety conscious
  • physically fit
  • good hand-eye coordination
  • enjoy forest protection and regeneration
  • sound literacy and numeracy skills - basic knowledge of arithmetic (addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division).
  • basic knowledge of forest nursery operation.
  • ability to collect, tabulate, and record data.
  • ability to operate computer terminal to input data.
  • ability to understand research concepts and perform work accordingly.
  • ability to precisely record measurements and maintain a high degree of accuracy in all aspects of work.
  • ability to assign and review the work of others.
  • ability to perform occasional strenuous labor.
  • ability to follow oral or written instructions and perform assigned tasks without constant close supervision.

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FarmerHorticultural Assistant

Zookeeper

Civil Engineer

Viticulturalist

Horticulturalist

Surveyor

Beekeeper

Landscape Architect

Lifeguard

Horse Trainer

Forester

Electrical Linesperson

Shearer

Greenkeeper

Stonemason

Crop Farmer

Livestock Farmer

Aquaculture Farmer

Miner

Mining Engineer

Petroleum Engineer

Jillaroo Jackeroo

Arborist

Horse Manager

Wool Classer

Farrier

Waste Water Operator

Horse Groomer

Grain Oilseed Pasture Grower

Animal Attendant and Trainer

Coastal Engineer

Pomologist

Pest and Weed Controller

Geographer

Olericulturist

Environmental Consultant

Floriculturist