Cartographer

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Cartographic Technician
Hydrographer
Map Editor

 

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Clerical or OrganisingScientific or AnalyticSkill Level 4Skill Level 5


Cartographers research, collect, collate and present information about geographical forms in visual representations such as maps, graphs, charts, plans and images. Future Growth Decline

They analyse field surveys, land use and land management data, aerial photographs and other geographic information to prepare these representations.

They consult with clients to determine their mapping needs, collect data, compile and transfer it into the required format, edit and revise the documents, and prepare these documents for presentation or publication. Cartographers work all over Australia, carrying out tasks such as mapping potential mine sites to surveying our coastlines and other elements of the environment.

ANZSCO ID & description: 232213: Applies scientific, mathematical and cartographic design principles to prepare and revise maps, charts and other forms of cartographic output.

Alternative names: Map Maker

Specialisations: Aerial Surveyor, Geographic Information Systems Specialist, Hydrographic Cartographer, Photogrammetrist  

Cartographers and Surveyors design, create and modify maps and charts using scientific and mathematical methods. They map out and accurately position all natural and manufactured features such as regions of land, features, buildings, coastal areas, and underground structures.

Did You Know?

Although maps are often made in one specific language, place names often differ between languages.

So a map made in English may use the name Germany for that country, while a German map would use Deutschland and a French map Allemagne.

A non-native term for a place is referred to as an exonym.

(Source: Wikipedia)

Knowledge, skills and attributes

A cartographer needs:

  • an interest in geography and maps

  • graphic, drawing and design skills

  • to be able to produce neat, accurate and detailed work

  • a good sense of visual awareness, including space and scale

  • to be able to work to tight deadlines

  • good colour vision.

 

Cartographer
Cartographer at work
(Source: Your Career)

Duties and Tasks

  • Analyse data, compile information and prepare reports regarding land use and survey results

  • Inform and supervise Surveyors, Architects and Engineers of technical data requirements for scaling maps and spatial information tools

  • Organise and manage cartographic technicians in the creation and revision of maps, managing automated spatial information systems to provide accurate information

  • Research and develop new methods and updates for surveying and measuring land areas and information systems such as photogrammetric, cadastral maps and land information systems

  • Specify positioning of requested areas such as coastlines, marine floors and producing digital format of data

  • Use a variety of digital and graphic tools such as satellite imagery, aerial photography, current maps and records, survey records and reports to project map manuscripts

  • Work with governments, companies and organisations to plan and provide information for land subdivision projects, site building plans and survey reports  

  • Designing and compiling map manuscripts using digital and graphical source material, including aerial photographs, satellite imagery, survey documents, existing maps and records, reports and statistics

  • Advising Surveyors and other professionals on the data requirements for map production, and on the aesthetic, technical and economic considerations of scales, details to be illustrated, place names and reproduction techniques

  • Supervising the preparation of plans, maps, charts and drawings to give pictorial representations and managing automated spatial information systems

  • Undertaking research and development of surveying and photogrammetric measurement systems, cadastral systems and land information systems

  • Planning and designing land subdivision projects and negotiating details with local governments and other authorities

  • Advising Architects, Engineering Professionals, environmental and other scientists or other relevant professionals on the technical requirements of surveying, mapping and spatial information systems

  • Compiling and evaluating data, interpreting codes of practice, and writing reports concerning survey measurement, land use and tenure

  • Preparing site plans and survey reports required for conveyancing and land ownership matters

ABC News
ABC News 11 March 2017
A map from the 1920s showing sheep and no sheep areas!

Working Conditions

Cartographers work in offices but may travel to survey and map sites, or to meet with clients. They usually work regular hours, but may be required to work longer hours when working to a deadline.  


Tools and Technologies

Cartographers use a range of different tools depending on the type of work being undertaken. They use computers, including specific imaging programs and computer-aided design (CAD) or Geographic Information System (GIS) software. They also use drawing instruments, light tables or plotting tables, cameras, and a range of electronic equipment that enables them to measure and record geographical structures.  

Education and training/entrance requirements

To become a cartographer you usually need to complete a degree in surveying, geospatial science or geographic information science.  

 

 

Did You Know? 

Vatican Map of Sicily
Map of Sicily (credit: personal photo)

Gallery of Maps, Vatican Museum - It takes its name from the 40 maps frescoed on the walls, which represent the Italian regions and the papal properties at the time of Pope Gregory XIII (1572-1585).

They were painted between 1580 and 1585 on drawings by Ignazio Danti, a famous geographer of the time. Considering the Apennines as a partition element, on one side the regions surrounded by the Ligure and Tyrrhenian Seas are represented; on the other, the regions surrounded by the Adriatic Sea. The map of the main city accompanies each regional map.
(Source: Vatican)

 

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Archaeologist

Mathematician

Scientist

Environmental Scientist

Marine Biologist

Museum Curator

Biochemist

Entomologist

Conservator

Microbiologist

Agricultural Scientist

Industrial Designer

Inventor

Geneticist

Biotechnologist

Criminologist

Botantist

Agronomist

Historian

Geologist

Soil Scientist

Immunologist

Hydrologist

Anthropologist

Cartographer

Zoologist

Geophysicist

University Lecturer

Exercise Sports Scientist

Oceanographer

Astronomer

Political Scientist

Physicist

Toxicologist

Haematologist

Medical Laboratory Technician

Robotics Engineer

Pharmacologist

Biometrician

Epidemiologist

Medical Laboratory Scientist

Virologist

Demographer

Archaeologist

Mathematician

Scientist

Environmental Scientist

Marine Biologist

Museum Curator

Biochemist

Entomologist

Conservator

Microbiologist

Agricultural Scientist

Industrial Designer

Inventor

Geneticist

Biotechnologist

Criminologist

Botantist

Agronomist

Historian

Geologist

Soil Scientist

Immunologist

Hydrologist

Anthropologist

Cartographer

Zoologist

Geophysicist

University Lecturer

Exercise Sports Scientist

Oceanographer

Astronomer

Political Scientist

Physicist

Toxicologist

Haematologist

Medical Laboratory Technician

Robotics Engineer

Pharmacologist

Biometrician

Epidemiologist

Medical Laboratory Scientist

Virologist

Demographer

GIS Officer

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