Archaeologist

Research and Development

Ocean or Marine Archaeologist

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Archaeologists study past human societies by recovering, recording, analysing and interpreting material remains and other evidence that can help shed light on the past. Archaeologists draw upon a FutureGrowthModerate wide range of different types of evidence, including cultural artefacts, food remains, skeletal remains, environmental evidence and landscapes.

Archaeologists survey, map and record details about archaeological sites. They organise and carry out field work, including excavation and surface collections. They may clean, conserve, restore, reconstruct and display material found at sites. They may photograph or draw characteristics or artefacts at the site for later analysis. They then analyse things found at the site and document their findings. They will also often write journal articles for publication.


ANZSCO description: Studies human activity in the past, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes (the archaeological record).

Specialisations:
Archaeologists may specialise in particular geographic regions or areas of study, such as the identification of animal skeletal or plant remains.

Columns in RomeKnowledge, skills and attributes

An archaeologist needs:

  • to enjoy science and research and to remain objective
  • an eye for detail
  • to be willing to live in harsh conditions when doing field work
  • patience, perseverance and determination
  • to be able to work as a team
  • strong written and computing skills.
  • patience, perseverance and determination
  • an eye for detail
  • enjoy science and history
  • aptitude for research
  • strong writing skills
  • aptitude for working with computers
  • able to work as part of a team
  • prepared to endure rough and isolated living conditions for extended periods while involved in fieldwork
  • able to remain objective.



Duties and Tasks

Archaeologists may perform the following tasks: 

  • liaise with indigenous and non-indigenous community groups
  • survey, map and record archaeological sites
  • organise and carry out excavations, field surveys and surface collections
  • clean, conserve, restore, reconstruct and display material found at archaeological sites
  • photograph or draw features and artefacts on-site and during post-excavation analysis
  • analyse findings through a variety of means, including physical and chemical techniques and documentary research
  • document the information obtained from the findings in a concise report
  • advise individuals and groups on heritage matters, including conservation options and legal provisions
  • prepare material for publication.

 

Working conditions

An archaeologist may work indoors analysing artefacts and conducting research. They may also undertake field work, outdoors and at various sites - conditions can be harsh and the work will typically involve getting your hands dirty.

Archaeologists may work with a variety of people on excavations, including indigenous groups, academics from related areas, technical staff, people who live in the vicinity of the archaeological sites, labourers and other workers under their direction.

Tools and technologies

Archaeologists may use technology specially designed for cleaning artefacts. Increasingly, archaeologists are using computer- based technologies, including Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Global Positioning Systems (GPS) devices.

Education and training/entrance requirements

To become an archaeologist you need to complete a degree at university majoring in archaeology followed by postgraduate studies in the same field.

Muchu Picchu
Muchu Picchu

 

 

Did You Know ?

Lots of Movies have been made about Archaeology including Jurassic Park, The Mummy and the Indiana Jones Trilogy.

Dinosaur feet



Have a look at the Archaeology Channel for free videos, news and information about Archaeology
   
Archaeology Channel website

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