Life On The Job


Edward "Ned" Kelly (June 1854 or 1855 – 11 November 1880)


Ned Kelly
Source: Daily Mail, UK

Introduction:

Edward "Ned" Kelly (June 1854 or 1855 – 11 November 1880) was an Irish Australian bushranger. He is considered by some to be merely a cold-blooded killer, while others consider him to be a folk hero and symbol of Irish Australian resistance against the Anglo-Australian ruling class.

Kelly was born in Victoria to an Irish convict father, and as a young man he clashed with the Victoria Police. Following an incident at his home in 1878, police parties searched for him in the bush. After he killed three policemen, the colony proclaimed Kelly and his gang wanted outlaws.

A final violent confrontation with police took place at Glenrowan on 28 June 1880. Kelly, dressed in home-made plate metal armour and a helmet, was captured and sent to jail. He was convicted of three counts of wilful murder and hanged at Old Melbourne Gaol in November 1880. His daring and notoriety made him an iconic figure in Australian history, folklore, literature, art and film.

In August 2011, anthropologists announced that a skeleton found in a mass grave in Pentridge Prison had been confirmed as Kelly's. His skull, however, remains missing. (Source: Wikipedia)

The bushranger Ned Kelly is one of Australia's greatest folk heroes. He has been memorialised by painters, writers, musicians and filmmakers alike. More books, songs and websites have been written about Ned Kelly and the Kelly Gang than any other group of Australian historical figures.

Bushranging was said to have ended with the shooting of the Kelly Gang in 1880 at Glenrowan, Victoria, made possible by the introduction of the Felons Apprehension Act 1865 (NSW) which allowed outlawed bushrangers to be shot, rather than arrested and sent to trial.
(Source: Australian Government)

Felons' Apprehension Act 1865

Early Life and Education

Kelly was baptised by an Augustinian priest, Charles O'Hea. As a boy he obtained basic schooling and once risked his life to save another boy, Richard Shelton, from drowning. As a reward he was given a green sash by the boy's family, which he wore under his armour during his final showdown with police in 1880.
(Source: Wikipedia)

Jerilderie Letter

It was a remarkable document — autobiography, statement of fact and self-justification — which ran to well over 7500 words — and became known as the Jerilderie Letter.
(Source: Ironoutlaw)

Read the Jerilderie Letter (State Library of Victoria) - Digitised version (56 pages) and see what Reading you think!

Jerilderie Letter
State Library of Victoria

 

The Conversation 5 May 2014 analyses this work and asks the question: Is Ned Kelly’s Jerilderie Letter a work of literature worthy of our attention? What do you think after reading the original and this analysis?

The Conversation

Ned Kelly's Armour

Ned Kelly's Armour
Source: State Library of Victoria: The La Trobe Journal

While the armour protected Ned Kelly's torso and head, his legs were unprotected. He was shot in both legs at Glenrowan and was able to be captured.

His armour and helmet weighed 44Kg.

Ned Kelly's Armour - National Treasures
Have a look at this video on Ned Kelly's Armour!

9th October 2013: The Sutherland Letter on display.

Letter detailing Ned Kelly's last stand to go on public display in Melbourne which describes a first hand account of Ned Kelly after he was shot: "I was really sorry for him to see him lying pierced by bullets and still showing no signs of pain. His three sisters were there also, Mrs Skillion, Kate Kelly and a younger one. Kate was sitting at his head with her arms round his neck while the others were crying in a mournful strain."

Sutherland Letter

Links:

Ned Kelly - Old Melbourne Gaol's Most Famous Inmate

Old Melbourne Gaol

Australian Government: About Australia: Ned Kelly

Australian Government About Australia Ned Kelly

Glenrowan 1880 - Ned Kelly's Trial

Glenrowan 1880 - Ned Kelly's Trial
The Supreme Court Trial - The Sentencing of Edward Kelly

The Sentencing of Ned Kelly
Ned Kelly's Trial and Conviction

Ned Kelly's Trial and Conviction
Ned Kelly's Trial

Ned Kelly's Trial
Obituaries Australia: Edward (Ned) Kelly (1855 - 1880)

Obituaries Australia
ABC's Law Report - The Trial of Ned Kelly

The Law Report

Iron-icon - links to websites about Ned Kelly 

 

Our Ned Kelly

Our Ned Kelly
Ned Kelly's World

Ned Kelly's World
Ned Kelly Trail

Ned Kelly Trail
National Gallery of Australia: Sidney Nolan: Ned Kelly

NGA
ABC: Splash: Ned Kelly confronts his judge

Confronts Judge
ABC: Splash: The hunt for Ned Kelly clues

the hunt for Ned Kelly clues
The Ned Kelly Awards

The Ned Kelly Awards
The Conversation 1 September 2011

The Conversation

The Conversation 9 January 2020

The Conversation

YouTube: Ned Kelly Glenrowan And His Last Stand
https://youtu.be/olo1L_gm6xY

 

Activities

Create a Song/Verse about Ned Kelly

PrimaryPrimary MiddleMiddle High SchoolSecondary

LiteracyAustralian Curriculum General Capability: Literacy

Critical & Creative ThinkingAustralian Curriculum General Capability: Critical & Creative Thinking

1. In groups of 4 - 5 students, you are going to add another verse to Johnny Cash's Ned Kelly song or create a new song altogether.

 

2. Listen to Johnny Cash's Ned Kelly Song [lyrics are provided below]:
https://youtu.be/2LH7FXf66KU


Lyrics to Johnny Cash's Song

 

In Australia a bandit or an outlaw was called a bushranger
One of Australia's most infamous bushrangers was a man named Ned Kelly

Ned Kelly was a wild young bushranger
Out of Victoria he rode with his brother Dan
He loved his people and he loved his freedom
And he loved to ride the wide open land

Ned Kelly was a victim of the changes
That came when his land was a sprout and seed
And the wrongs he did were multiplied in legend
With young Australia growing like a weed

Ned Kelly took the blame
Ned Kelly won the fame
Ned Kelly brought the shame
And then Ned Kelly hanged

Well he hid out in the bush and in the forest
And he loved to hear the wind blow in the trees
While the men behind the badge were coming for him
Ned said they'll never bring me to my knees

But everything was changed and run in cycles
And Ned knew that his day was at an end
He made a suit of armour out of ploughshares
But Ned was brought down by the trooper's men

Ned Kelly took the blame
Ned Kelly won the fame
Ned Kelly brought the shame
And then Ned Kelly hanged

(Source:
Moron.nl)

 

3. Using the music, add to one of the verses of these songs!

 

High SchoolSecondary - add some of Ned Kelly's reflections from the Jerilderie Letter in your verses.



Music Notes
(Source: Bassic Sax Blog)

4. Record your verse and share with the class by making a video.

 

 

Ned Kelly: Hero or Villian? - Revamp an old WebQuest

MiddleMiddle  High SchoolSecondary

ICTAustralian Curriculum General Capability: Information and Communication Technology Capability
Critical
Australian Curriculum General Capability: Critical and creative thinking
Personal and social capability
Australian Curriculum General Capability: Personal and social capability
Literacy
Australian Curriculum General Capability: Literacy

 

1. An old WebQuest needs revamping! You are going to invigorate this WebQuest so that it is now an interesting and challenging WebQuest for students in Years 9 - 10 to complete.

 2. TeacherTeacher: Go to the Web Archive and download this old WebQuest.

Students  investigate the downloaded WebQuest.

WQ

2. Create a template to fill in. Write up an Introduction, Task, Process, Resources, Evaluation, Conclusion and Teacher's Guide.

3. In your group of five students, select one of the 5 perspectives: /span>

  • A Film Maker - who will investigate the films made about Ned Kelly and investigate how he is portrayed - as either a Villian or a Hero.
  • Art Curator - who will investigate the paintings about Ned Kelly particularly the Nolan series and answer the questions: Which paintings from the Nolan series of the Kelly gang in their armour best represent the truth about Ned Kelly? Which events does Nolan represent in his paintings? Who is foregrounded in the paintings apart from Ned? Which other paintings/ posters/ documents will you consider as evidence of Ned Kelly as either Villian or Hero
  • Historian
  • Descendant of the Kelly Family
  • Descendant of the Fitzpatrick Family
  • Writer researching a non-fiction illustrated book about Ned Kelly

4. You will need to research new websites for your perspective. You need at least 10 websites of repute.

5. You will need to decide how your WebQuest will be assessed [Evaluation] - try to think of challenging and interesting tasks for students to do.

6. The Conclusion should be about a further challenge - not motherhood statements [as this archived WebQuest has] - it might be to do with Justice and young people now.

 

 

Sidney Nolan and Ned Kelly: A Visual History?

High SchoolSecondary

CriticalAustralian Curriculum General Capability: Critical and creative thinking

LiteracyAustralian Curriculum General Capability: Literacy

1. In groups of 4 - 5 students, you are to analyse the following two articles and the links above to answer the question: Is Sidney Nolan's Ned Kelly Series a visual history of the gang?

The National Gallery of Australia has 25 of the 27 Sidney Nolan's Ned Kelly Series. Read about the Series and look at the video of Sidney Nolan. VideoReading

NGA the Ned Kelly Series

Read about Steve Hart and Sidney Nolan's protrayal from Professor Ted Snell, University of Western Australia in The Conversation 14 August 2018 Reading

The Conversation

2. Write down 10 interesting facts from these articles.

3. Share with other groups in the class.

4. As a class, discuss the question: Is Sidney Nolan's Ned Kelly Series a visual history of the gang?

Make sure you give reasons for your argument.

 

 

If you wish to do more activities about Ned Kelly, visit the Judge on this website.

Judge

 

 

Material sourced from:

Australian Government
Ironoutlaw
State Library of Victoria
State Library of Victoria: The La Trobe Journal

Wikipedia

 

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